Occupational stress scale for teachers

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The respondents were mostly female, middle-aged, and with more than 11 years teaching experience. High levels of psychological stress were observed, despite the fact that trait anxiety and job satisfaction were normal. The image below, for example, relates to a question about feeling unable to cope and this spread of answers was common to most of the questions. The Strain Scale measured the teacher's mean score on items which were ongoing stressors such as overcrowded classroom, unmotivated students, or the tendency of administrators not to enforce rules against disruptive pupils. . 2 American Psychological Association Scale for self-perceived level of  Journal of the Romanian Sports Medicine Society. Åke Swensson, Professor of Occupational Medicine, who encouraged me to apply experimental methods to everyday life situations, and Dr. Teacher stress often affects the teacher’s ability to function effectively (Poornima, 2010), sometimes to the extent of causing burnout (Reddy, 2011). 4. The study recommends that: Two studies were conducted to investigate the degree to which occupational stress among teachers could be attributed to personal characteristics of the individuals themselves. . Teachers' Occupational Stress Scale constructed and standardized by Dr. The Predictive Influence Of Teaching Anxiety And Occupational Stress On Teaching Efficacy Of Secondary School Teachers In Owerri Municipal Of Imo State Nigeria. 1 The terms 'occupational stress', 'work stress', ‘job stress’ and ‘work-related stress’ are used interchangeably in the literature and across different jurisdictions. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. 164, t = 3. The study determined the . The Occupational Stress Index (OSI) is an additive burden model, which focuses on work stressors relevant to the cardiovascular system (Belkic 1995(a)). Occupational Stress: Occupational Stress refers to physical, mental and emotional wear and tear brought about by incongruence between the requirement of job and capabilities, resources and need of the teacher to cope with job demands. Teacher stress is a specific type of occupational stress. 33, SD= . Data used for the development of Teachers Occupational Stress Scale. This study aimed to translate and adapt it for use in Greece, and then assess its reliability and validity. 15) between occupational stress (M= 1. The population for this study comprises of 281 males and 327 females from 41 schools of Uttar Pradesh (India). teachers' scores on each of the nine stress scales of the WSPT (Student Behavior ;. No study was done to assess these problems among Egyptian teachers. Aug 18, 2016 Occupational stress was measured by “Teachers Occupational Stress Scale prepared by Dr. Scores in the range of 30-39 suggest mild deficits in coping skills. Women teachers experience higher levels of burnout, parti- cularly emotional exhaustion (Antoniou, Polychroni, & Vala- chakis, 2006) and lack of personal achievement, but less de- personalization than male teachers (Lau, Yuen, & Chan, 2005). The main purpose of the study was to find out and compare the occupational stress level among male and female elementary school teachers of District Pulwama (J & K) India. Occupational stress is a major factor that affects the quality of teacher effectiveness in a classroom setting. To compare the occupational stress of government and private primary school teachers. The first study developed dispositional stress scales. Nov 18, 2016 To measure the reliability of the scale used in this study, and internal Teacher Occupational Stress, Performance, Cronbach's Alpha, Logistic  Understanding the specific factors that cause work-related stress among each stress was completed by individual teachers using a four point Likert scale. Perhaps due to differences in job demands, predominance stress scale (i. Finding a balance in our lives and. The Teachers Occupational Stress Scale (TOSS) and Teachers Job Satisfaction Scale (TJSS) were employed for the data collection, while the correlation techniques, analysis of variance, and t-test were used for statistical analysis. The OSI incorporates elements of the Job Strain Model (Karasek 1979), as well as other formulations of how stress leads to cardiovascular disease, such as features of work in high-risk occupations. Conclusion: It was showed that nursing teachers have different level of occupational stress/job satisfaction from clinical nurses and other working female. It is experience by a teacher of unpleasant emotions such as tension, frustration, anger and depression resulting from aspects of his/her work as a teacher. Psychological capital partially mediated the relationship between occupational stress and depressive symptoms. The overall response rate for noncasual staff was 72% (77% for general staff and 65% for academic staff) resulting in a sample of N = 2,040. Correlation between Occupational Stress and Teacher Self Efficacy Occupational Stress Pearson Correlation Sig. There is a reasonable The term Organizational Role Stress Scale was replaced by Occupational Role Stress Scale as it includes both the Organizational goals (e. (b) The teacher effectiveness was high in urban teacher educators than in rural teacher educators. Fig: 1: Schematic Layout of the Sample for the Study of Organizational Commitment The Teachers Occupational Stress Scale was used for data collection, while t-test and F-test are used for statistical analysis. Job stress produces negative effects for both the organization and the employee. occupational stress and the work ability of the teache-rs in the primary and secondary schools, then to take some integrated intervention measures to reduce the occupational stress and improve their work ability, and evaluate the intervening efficacy. For these scales, T scores below 30 indicate a significant lack of coping resources. Contrary to our hypothesis, the results show that occupational stress factors are actually associated with lower levels of nicotine dependence (N = 197; adjusted OR = 0. Srivastava and Dr. Gender N M SD t-value Remarks as teachers having low occupational stress. Occupational Stress, Work Environment and Job Embeddedness as Predictors of Job Satisfaction among female teaching staff of Ebonyi State University, American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, 15,( 1 ,2), 161-170 [48] Papoutsis D, Labiris G and Niakas D (2014). relationship between self-effi cacy and occupational stress [1, 24, 25]. The major findings of the study were as follows: the three primary work values of the respondents were Religious, Occupational, and Intellectual Achievement-oriented work values The population for the study consisted of 608 teachers, chosen from 41 schools of Eastern and Western districts in U. primarily determined by our perception of an event, transition, or problem. T‐test results showed no significant difference between male and female teachers in stress levels. The principals answered the Teacher Behavior Inventory (TBI) in order to describe each teacher’s teaching performance. In the longitudinal study of new teachers, workplace scales administered during the fall term demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity: the fall- stress to the head teachers; the level of stress differs with head teachers‟ biological, psychological and social systems; head teachers stress affects other teachers and the school performance; and the stress mitigation strategies employed by the head teachers and Ministry of Education are not effective. This paper investigated the relationship between occupational stress, job satisfaction and physical health in Italian teachers. with high occupational stress (156-230), moderate stress (123-155) and low occupational stress (46-122). Lennart Levi. Stress Assessments. Reliability, validity and factorial structure of the occupational stress scale for physical education teachers . Statistical techniques Take The Teacher Stress Survey HERE. The strongest correlations were found between professional concerns and occupational stress. 7% of them had experienced verbal violence, and 20. The threat is stress — and it is something that nearly half of all teachers say they experience at a high level every day. Occupational Stress in University Staff. The findings of the study  relationships among teacher's occupational stress, demographic factors, job . 5. 05) followed by teaching anxiety (β = 0. tr, Phone: +903124844631 Dr. Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS) was used to measure the emotional intelligence of teachers, Teacher Effectiveness Scale (TES) was used to measure the effectiveness among teachers and Occupational Stress Index (OS1) was used to measure the stress among teachers. Again, occupational stress is a vague topic since stress can be caused Occupational stress and mental health-related difficulties experienced by teachers have been found to influence the growing teacher attrition within school settings [8,9]. Multiple regression analysis was performed on the total sample and various subgroups, intervention measure was efficient to reduce the occupational stress of teachers, strengthen their coping resource and progress their work ability. Numerous surveys show that occupational stress is far and away the leading source of stress for adults and that it has progressively increased over the last four decades. validity by correlations between CARD scales scores and other measures theoretically understanding teachers' experiences of occupational stress have been  Jun 28, 2016 Emotional Intelligence Scale by Hyde et al. The Occupational Stress Index (OSI) is an additive burden model, which focuses on work stressors relevant to the cardiovascular system (Belkic 1995(a)). 75) and teacher self-efficacy (M= 7. cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of stress in teachers; the issues, how- ever, apply to Occupational-stress scales are created by summing the negative . 382, t = 5. This study examined the effects of gender, types of school and occupational stress on pupil control ideology of teachers. 2 per cent serious levels. The levels of stressor and strain was measured with the occupation stress inventory revised The Teachers Occupational Stress Scale was used for data collection, while t-test and F-test are used for statistical analysis. Stress Rating Scale was administered to the teachers according to their  To measure the reliability of the scale used in this study, and internal consistencies Teachers also facing the problem of occupational stress and according to  sources of stress for teachers from the UK are work-related stressors, such . were excluded from the Teacher Satisfaction Scale analysis as the scale was not. Select any one of the alternative responses to indicate the extent of accuracy to which each statement describe the nature and conditions at your jobs and experiences and feelings about various aspects of your job life. Bina Srivastava''. Sajid Jamal and Dr. Keywords: Occupational stress, Higher secondary and School teachers. The results of this study identify that certain occupational stress factors influence the overall job satisfaction of Greek hospital doctors. 6 per cent, were experiencing moderate levels of stress, and 23. Table 2. Data collected from two samples of special education teachers ( n = 370; n = 371) and one sample of regular education teachers ( n = 433) were then subjected to factor analyses followed by varimax and oblique rotations. The content validity of the scale was determined from expert opinion and appraisal data collected from 92 teachers, stress researchers and practitioners. Ho 1: There exists no significant difference between male and female teachers regarding occupational stress. The findings of the study revealed that government aided and private college teachers were significantly under the higher level of occupational stress than the teachers working in government colleges. The stress response is. ó The results indicate that sometimes found in both countries. Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures. Thus, occupational stress appears to be a risk factor for mental and musculoskeletal health, regardless of the level of development of the country in question. The level of Interest in Teaching of Teacher Educators is average. A principal components analysis was carried out and three factors were identified: professional concerns, pupil behaviour and attitude and professional tasks. Although stress has been identified as a problem in all occupations related to . occupational stress, as job/work causes a great deal of stress to contemporary employees. Logistic regression was used for the statistical analysis. HR professionals looking to implement a measure of occupational adjustment as part of employee placement, succession planning, or leadership development and coaching programs Researchers and practitioners who would like to measure occupational stress in employees to better understand how it affects performance, work behaviors, attitudes, turnover, and absenteeism Occupational stress is not a private matter for the employee to deal with alone and in isolation. Teachers scored the frequency and intensity of 18 items on a stress scale. PDF | The psychometric properties of the Teachers' Occupational Stress throats and dizziness on a six point scale ranging from 1 – never in the past year to 6  each from government and private schools. occupational stress among faculty members and secondary school teachers [8, 16, 26]. Conclusion: Occupational stress is common among university teachers, and female teachers were in this sample facing more health-related issues than male teachers. Abstract This paper presents the findings of a large-scale nationwide investigation into stress among teachers in the UK, Data were collected via a questionnaire, from a random sample of 1790 teachers drawn from a cross-section of school types, sectors and teaching grades. Prior research has been conducted into the causes and impacts of teacher stress; however, little research has been conducted to determine what role coping mechanisms for stress play in teacher stress. Figen Eres Assistant Professor Department of Educational Science Gazi University, Ankara Turkey E-mail: feres@gazi. Furthermore, they have been found to report more burnout symptoms than members of other social professions, such as nurses and mental health professionals [ 18]. In a cross sectional survey reported from Kerala among teachers of children with disability, high workload, large class size, poor working environment and low salary were found among important sources of occupational stress. Three instruments were administrated to teachers: “Teachers’ Occupational Stress” (Antoniou, Polychroni, & Vlachakis, 2006), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1986) and the “Stress Coping Strategies Scale” (Cooper, Sloan, & Williams, 1988). (c)The teacher effectiveness was high in science teacher educators, average in humanities teacher educators and low in commerce teacher educators. Consequently, it is not surprising that prior research has focused on individual differences in the correlates of role stressors, health and well-being outcomes. (d) Further also the teacher effectiveness was high among teacher educators with low occupational stress and the teacher Occupational Stress scale constructed by investigator was used to measure the extent of occupational stress among the teachers. The extent of the stress factors experienced at work was assessed using the Effort-Reward Imbalance scale (ERI). 214, P < 0. edu. Among Chinese university teachers, occupational stress may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms, whereas psychological capital might be protective against depressive symptoms. There is no significant difference between government and private management and the Occupational stress among Teacher Educators. This contribution presents the Standard Stress Scale (SSS); this is a new scale which has been specially developed to meet the requirements of multicohort panel studies, suchas the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS), which refer to the whole life course. , Organizational climate, budget, politics etc) as well as individual’s goals (such as role, status, prestige, authority and income). It is possible that recovery plays a particularly important role in the development of burnout in stressful occupations, such as teaching. four groups on the basis of the level of occupational stress (i. three burnout syndromes and teachers’ occupational stress. Two specific findings suggest that stress occurring at the institutional level might have meaningful implications for job dissatisfaction among industrial and technical teacher educators: Stressors related to lack of organizational support correlated higher with job satisfaction than stressors related to the job itself. The teachers answered two questionnaires: the Filipino Work Values Scale (FWVS) and the Teacher Stress Scale (TSS) in order to measure their primary work values and level of occupational stress. Lastly, 1. It would be hard to believe any teacher is free from occupational stress throughout their entire career. 98,standarddeviation 0f 9. The Management Standards define the characteristics, or culture, of an organisation where the risks from work-related stress are being effectively managed and controlled. Jan 1, 2009 Roles Questionnaire (ORQ) sub scale of the OSI-R. 2 Stress at work is usually referred to as psychological injury or illness. The majority of the sample had a four year qualification, and were typically employed as classroom teachers on a permanent basis in metropolitan state schools. 26 and age range of 22 to 54years. They were additionally asked to identify stress sources that were most taxing. 3. For the PRQ scales, high scores indicate highly developed coping resources. Coping Strategy Occupational Stress Primary Sector Head Teacher Work Overload A short rating scale as a potential measure of pattern A behaviour. Stress in teachers:- work stress has been recognized as occupational hazard of teaching and its causes have been fairly well established (Smith and Milstein, 1984). 150 teachers (scored between 62 to 86) having average occupational stress were not considered in the present study. Sector(s): Generic, and specific for transportation, health care, education. An interview with Dr. The second examined correlations between these scales, occupational stress scales, and teachers'  Occupational Stress scale constructed by investigator was used to measure the extent of occupational stress among the teachers. The overall view of the Table 1 depicts that very few teacher educators fall in low or high occupational stress level category while majority of the teacher educator’s fall in the category of moderate stress level. All the closed-ended questions were designed to generate responses on a five point likert scale to measure the occupational stress indicated as 1 strongly disagree,2 disagree, 3 no opinion, 4 agree and 5 strongly disagree. as teachers having low occupational stress. Other variables associated with teacher stress and burnout are role problems, loss of control, isolation, dissatisfaction with salary, role overload, 64 Occupational Stress in Teachers: a comparative study of public and private Schools in Hyderabad City Interest in the area of occupational stress among teachers increased in 1970s, since then considerable research has been conducted in many countries. 99, SD= . Occupational Stress may affect personal and low psychological well-being, as well as decreased job satisfaction. The internal consistency of each scale (Cronbach's α) revealed satisfactory values. OCCUPATIONAL STRESS INDEX The scale assesses the extent of stress, employees experience in context of their life. many others. 2. INRODUCTION. A longitudinal study of occupational stressors and depressive symptoms in first-year female teachers. 1%) teachers are experiencing moderate level of stress, followed by 42 (12. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. The results show that more than 75% of teachers who filled in the survey are suffering from medium or high levels of stress. 668) as a “force that tends to strain or deform; mental, emotional, or physical tension, strain, or distress”. 439 The highest levels of satisfaction were indicated with regard to relationships with colleagues and superiors, responsibilities, and appreciation for their work. The survey involved 388 teachers who teach in public schools in Attica. managing our stress can be a challenge. 4%of the teachers had experienced physical violence at work, 34. 0%) teachers with low stress. Teachers are actually tied with nurses, with 46 percent of both groups reporting high daily stress. It is an important area of research for educationists and researchers. The OSI was used in previous studies where it had high reliability and validity [4]. The tool used in this study is Santhappan's Teacher Stress Source Scale and Organizational Climate Scale (1987). Teacher stress is a real phenomenon and is associated with problems of recruitment, health and retention of teachers. The results revealed (a) The teacher effectiveness was high in male teacher educators than in female teacher educators. 428, P < 0. The levels of stressor and strain was measured with the occupation stress inventory revised Sichuan Province, then health educations about occupational stress was taken for the teachers in the study group, the same test was carried out after one year for the teachers in the nine schools to evaluate the effect of interventional measures. the  Apr 27, 2012 Research has shown that teaching is a highly stressful occupation. Scoring Key of Occupational Stress Scale Scores Categories of Response True-Keyed Items False-Keyed Items Strongly Disagree 1 5 According to the scale total scores, the teachers OS was divided into: low level of stress (total score: 46–122), moderate level (total score: 123–155), and high level (total score: 156–230) [17]. Various studies were carried out in Europe, Asia and America to examine the relation between emotional intelligence and. Abdul Raheem was  The first study developed dispositional stress scales. The factors that make work stressful are work overload, work under load, employee's role and change in the work environment. To know the level of occupational stress among primary school teachers. Stress is a necessary part of our lives and can have both. According to the results of the analysis, nearly half of the secondary school teachers experience less stress towards their job and males display more occupational stress towards job than the females. Scores below 40 indicate a relative absence of occupational stress or psychological strain. 3% had experienced academic harassment. The psychometric properties of the Teachers' Occupational Stress Questionnaire (TOSQ) were determined on a population of 1137 participants, 1018 women and 119 men, aged 19 to 60 years. To compare the occupational stress of male and female primary school teachers. beneficial and negative effects. The health effects of teacher stress and teacher burnout are reviewed separately in this article. Gender and age differences in occupational stress and professional burnout school teachers, a self‐report rating scale of specific occupational stressors and  Apr 20, 2018 Hereafter, based on the teacher stress literature, additional teacher specific . The Teacher Stress Inventory (TSI) is an instrument for measuring occupational stress in teachers. Journal  Teacher stress has been the focus of educational concern and research for decades, and has resulted in the development of several teacher stress scales and  of occupational stress and the professional burnout experienced by teachers school teachers, a self-report rating scale of specific occupational stressors  Since the early stages of research on teachers' occupational stress, students' . stress in nurses, as there is much evidence that nursing is a demanding occupation and thus requires effort, and levels of pay in newly qualified nurses may be lower than other high-stressoccupationalgroups,suchasteachersandpoliceofficers(Demerouti,Bakker, hundred secondary school teachers were selected as a sample for the study. O. As a result of stress, teachers were having physical and mental disorders. To compare the occupational stress of male and female teachers of government primary schools. Occupational stress has more predictive influence on teaching efficacy of secondary school teachers (β = 0. Ulf von Euler, Professor of Physiology, who taught me about the physiological and biochemical parameters of the response to stress, Two self‐report measures were administered to a sample of 493 primary and secondary school teachers, a self‐report rating scale of specific occupational stressors and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (education version). , – The most highly rated sources of stress referred to problems in interaction with students, lack of interest, low attainment and handling students with “difficult” behaviour. L. Table I. Tatjana Atanasoska Assistant Professor Department of Education University of St. Stress is defined by Webster’s (1996, p. A STUDY OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS OBJECTIVES OF STUDY 1. Overall, the work environment in Finnish universities was reported to be better than in Pakistani universities. Several meaningful and reliable factors emerged from the factor analysis of the scales. 67) and the correlation between the two scores is not significant. Limitations with the current research base of teacher occupational stress are identified. Occupational  Teacher Stress: An Assessment of Teachers' Need for and Receptiveness . g. The Pupil Control Ideology Scale and Teachers Occupational Stress Scale were used for data The Predictive Influence Of Teaching Anxiety And Occupational Stress On Teaching Efficacy Of Secondary School Teachers In Owerri Municipal Of Imo State Nigeria. P. used to describe the effects of continual stress. Other studies investigated the. Results of variable modelling revealed that (a) psychological capital has a protective role and occupational stress has a risk role in teacher burnout (b) a positive coping style is a significant mediator in the relationship between psychological capital and teacher burnout (c) a negative coping style is a significant mediator in the relationship between occupational stress and teacher burnout (d) a positive coping style is only a significant mediator in a more than 10 years teaching This contribution presents the Standard Stress Scale (SSS); this is a new scale which has been specially developed to meet the requirements of multicohort panel studies, suchas the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS), which refer to the whole life course. Read this essay on Student Observation of Teachers Occupational Stress in Cmulhs. Kliment Ohridski, Macedonia occupational stress as a whole is considered, it was found that 249 (76. teacher stress. For the organization, the results are disorganization, disruption in normal operations, lowered productivity, and lower margins of profit. Sources of teacher stress. 8%) teachers with high stress and 36 (11. Logically, a teacher's mental health can be expected to effect class room performance and interactions with students. Compared with other professions, teachers have been found to experience more occupational stress and show more signs of poor physical and mental well-being [ 17]. WORK-RELATED STRESS QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire is closely based on the Management Standards Indicator Tool produced by the HSE (Health and Safety Executive). Results revealed that the majority of teachers sampled, 72. Occupational Stress Part 1. Keywords: Finland, mental health, musculoskeletal health, occupational stress, Pakistan, university teachers Naima Akhtar Malik, Kaj Björkqvist Occupational Stress Part 1. Examining and selecting the QEEW scales which are applicable for the to that of employees from a variety of occupations as indicated by Van  statements constituting the Occupational stress scale. The occupational stress scale was pre tested on 75 Physical Education Teachers on the basis of their past or current teaching and coaching experiences. Specifically, our aim is to study the role of job satisfaction as a possible mediation role between work stressors and its effects on teachers’ physical health (physical symptoms). Teachers' age and school level were determining factors for all dimensions of stress explored. teacher occupational stress is a real phenomenon and that high levels are reliably associated with a range of casual factors, including those intrinsic to teaching, individual vulnerability and systematic influences. It has been observed from the table that 29% of teachers have been placed in the very low level of occupational stress category, 68% of the teachers have been found to be in the low level of increase. (2-tailed) Occupational Stress 1 Teacher Self Efficacy ,159 ,15 As Table 3 demonstrates, there is a weak correlation (r= . The level of Occupational stress of Teacher Educators is average. In this study, the investigator found that the   The content validity, factorial validity, and internal consistency reliability of a scale developed to assess occupational stress in teachers were investigated. and Occupational Stress of general area of occupational stress, teaching has been identified. Table-2: Mean, Standard Deviation and ‘t’-value of occupational stress scores of male and female undergraduate college teachers. There is a vast amount of research on individual differences involved in the work-stress process. Occupational Stress of Teachers: A Comparative Study Between Turkey and Macedonia Dr. 159, p= . P. But there’s another danger that threatens teacher well-being that is often overlooked. Objective. Empirical perspective. the occupational stress among the undergraduate college teachers. This study examined the Occupational Stress of teachers working at higher secondary . e. Occupation(s): Generic, and specific for professional drivers, physicians, nurses, teachers, and those who work daily with computers. 05) on teaching efficacy of new-teacher samples, the occupational-stress scales were more highly relat-ed to each other than they were to a measure of non-work stressors. Kaur (2007) checked Occupational stress, mental health and coping resources of high and higher secondary school teachers and their relationship. Aversive physical exposures (7 items) Take The Teacher Stress Survey HERE The results show that more than 75% of teachers who filled in the survey are suffering from medium or high levels of stress. Teachers were found to be reporting stress-related manifestations that were far higher than the population norms and of other comparable occupational groups. All dimensions measured by the Teacher Stress Questionnaire were compared for sample subgroups of all teacher levels. occupational stress, perceived organizational support and affective wellbeing of teachers in Pakistan. Therefore, it was a need to commence a research to explore the relationship between these variable and moderating role of POS in relationship between occupational stress and affective wellbeing. The study sample consisted of 95 teachers, 51 females and 44 males. of occupational stress among the teachers with the help of Chi-square test. Teacher stress has negative impacts on classroom performance, job satisfaction, and teacher at-trition. However, Mental health, job satisfaction and occupational stress among UK teachers. Although the literature generally lends support to the hypothesis that occupational stress and burnout are associated with poor health in teachers, confidence in this conclusion is weakened by the serious methodological and conceptual difficulties that pervade this area of research. Three instruments were used in the study: Workplace deviance scale, Occupational stress inventory and Emotional intelligence scale. Stress is not value-free, and for some teachers, coping with occupational stress may be associated with success, and “failing to cope” associated with failure (McCormick, 1997). were true items and 24 were false items were finalized. e very low , low, moderate and high) and the percentage of each category has been calculated. The findings showed that teachers of Primary Education experience higher levels Occupational stress (OS) among teachers predispose to depression and anxiety. Teacher perceptions of occupational stress are their reality. Other crucially important mentors were Dr. Fig: 1: Schematic Layout of the Sample for the Study of Organizational Commitment A total number of 198 teachers from Nigeria served as participants with the mean age of 32. occupational stress scale for teachers

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